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英国退欧的事件,来现在的进展-蛐蛐英语网

  保守党在英国大选中赢得了多数席位。这个结果对英国退欧意味着什么?

英国退欧事件

The conservative party won a majority of seats in the British general election. What does this result mean for brexit?

  英国脱欧的日期(英国离开欧盟的日期)目前定为2020年1月31日。英国首相鲍里斯·约翰逊(Boris Johnson)与欧盟达成了一项协议,但仍需经过议会批准。

pk10投注技巧  The date for brexit -- the date the UK leaves the eu -- is currently set at 31 January 2020。 British prime minister Boris Johnson has struck a deal with the European Union that still needs parliamentary approval。

  如果没有通过任何协议-英国将没有人离开。

  If no deal is passed - no one in the UK will leave.

  保守多数-交易通过了吗?

  Conservative majority - did the deal go through?

  由于在下议院拥有多数保守党席位,通过约翰逊的交易应该相对简单。

  With a Tory majority in the house of Commons, passing Mr Johnson's deal should be relatively easy.

  人们认为,政府很可能在下周复新提出《撤出协议法案》,这是为英国脱欧发生奠定基础的法律。

  It is thought the government is likely to reintroduce the withdrawal agreement act, the law that lays the groundwork for brexit, next week.

  目的是为了在1月31日英国脱欧之前及时完成该法案。

  The aim is to complete the bill in time for brexit on January 31。

  英国退欧后会发生什么?

  What happens after brexit?<-->纽约时报中英文网 http://www.2zhicat.com<-->

pk10投注技巧  如果英国于1月31日离开欧盟,那只是一个非常复杂的过程的第一步。

  If Britain leaves the eu on January 31st, it will be only the first step in a very complicated process.

  “脱欧”是什么意思?

  What does "brexit" mean?

  第一要与欧盟谈判达成贸易协议。英国期望获得尽可能多的进入欧盟的商品和服务。

  The first is to negotiate a trade deal with the European Union. Britain wants to get as many goods and services as possible into the eu.

  但是保守党已经明确表示,英国必须离开关税同盟和单一市场,并结束欧洲法院的整体管辖权。

  But the conservatives have made clear that Britain must leave the customs union and the single market, and end the overall jurisdiction of the European court of justice.

  时间很短。欧盟可能需要数周时间才能达成正式的谈判授权-所有其余的27个成员国和欧洲议会必须达成协议。这意味着正式谈判可能只会在三月份开始。

  Time is short. It could take weeks before the eu has a formal negotiating mandate - all the remaining 27 member states and the European parliament must reach an agreement. That means formal negotiations may only begin in March.

  这些谈判需要在6月底前达成最终协议。这是英国必须决定是否延长过渡期(一年或两年)的时候。但是约翰逊先生已经排除了任何形式的延期。

  The talks need to reach a final agreement by the end of June。 This is when Britain must decide whether to extend the transition period (for one or two years)。 But Mr Johnson has ruled out any kind of delay。

  如果来6月底尚未达成任何贸易协议,那么英国将面临在2020年12月底无人离任的前景。

  If no trade deal is agreed by the end of June, the UK faces the prospect of no one leaving by the end of December 2020。

  如果达成协议,则还必须在生效之前批准该协议,这可能需要几个月的时间。

  If an agreement is reached, it must also be ratified before it goes into effect, which could take months。

  欧盟与外部国家之间从未达成过如此规模和复杂性的贸易协议,而其达成的时间表如此之快。

  No trade deal of this scale and complexity has ever been reached between the eu and an outside country, and the timetable is so fast.

  约翰逊先生认为,由于英国完全符合欧盟规则,因此谈判应该很简单。但批评人士指出,英国期望有摆脱欧盟规则的自由,以便它可以与其他国家进行交易,这将使谈判更加困难。

  Mr Johnson thinks the negotiations should be simple because Britain is fully compliant with eu rules. But critics say Britain wants freedom from eu rules so it can make deals with other countries, which would make negotiations more difficult.

  不仅需要解决贸易协议。英国必须同意它将与欧盟在安全和执法方面进行合作。英国将退出欧洲逮捕令计划,并将不得不同意替代。它还必须在需要合作的许多其他领域达成协议。

  It is not just trade agreements that need to be addressed. Britain must agree that it will co-operate with the eu on security and law enforcement. Britain will withdraw from the European arrest warrant scheme and will have to agree to a replacement. It must also reach agreement in many other areas where cooperation is needed.

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